開山祖師 The Founder
During the Qing Dynasty, when the Manchus were in power, they picked martial experts amongst the Han people. They had absolute power to spare, kill, give and take at will. They arbitrarily deceived people. Who knew the pressure was so great? Meanwhile the counter-resistance kept getting stronger. There were willful and ambitious men, with numerous stratagem for resistance directed towards 反清復明 "Oppose the Ching (Qing) and restore the Ming". In that year, the Guangdong Zhaoqing government office, there lived a rich youngster who was named 李祖寬Lei Joe-foon. His father was one of the successful candidates of provintial examinations for military officers. But he was unreasonably falsley incriminated by the Qing government hired ruffians, and was executed due to the fabricated charge.
Joe-foon had studied his fathers martial arts. The family also had excess capital. So what he did was，become friends with heroes in the martial arts world. During his freetime, he would hang out with them in the courtyard. On the surface he appeared to drink wine, have fun, act like nothing matters , and did not do anything productive. But he was actually cherishing a lofty aspiration, which was to overthrow the Qing Dynasty, and take revenge for his father.
When a suitable Fujian Province tea merchant's son arrived, whose name was 洪熙 Hung Xi. Because the family had property and was rich, the maid servant called him 洪熙官Hung Xi-Guan which means Hung Xi the "official". Xi-Guan liked the martial arts. He got into 少林寺Shaolin Temple to study, did obeisance with 至善禪師 Zen master Zhi Shan. He went through many years of study and practice, unitl he became skilled in martial arts, just then, the royal government burnt down Shaolin Temple. So he ran away back to 廣東Guangdong, to Lei Joe-foon's place. These two people had a common goal. After they sparred, Hung Xi-Guan's became Lee Joe-foons master. They practiced in the morning and the evening. Besides teaching everything Hung Xi-Guan studied in Shaolin Temple, he also collected the strong points from the five southern shaolin styles and created the 五形拳Five Animal Form. He passed on the secrets to Lei Joe-foon.
Hung Xi-Guan lived with Lei Joe-foon for more than two years. But for the counter-Qing movement, he could not but depart. When Hung Xi-Guan bid farewell, he felt he must carry forward the 洪家拳術Hung Ga style of martial arts. Not long after Hung Xi-Guan had departed, Lei Joe-foon encountered a calamity. Because he sealed the Sichuan bailiff 雷震天Leui Zhentian's confidential report. So the royal government issued a warrant for his arrest. Leui Zhentian came accompanied by his fellow policemen, and attempted to "bring him to justice". But when Leui Zhentian began to fight, he found that he could not beat Lei Joe-foon. Lei Joe-foon beat him to death in front of the step. When the other policemen saw that, they instantly dispersed.
After Lei Joe-foon caused that trouble, he abandoned the family and left in a hurry. He fled to 八排山 Mt. Bapai in Guandong. Joined the 青華寺 Qing Hwa temple, shaved his head and became a monk. His Buddhist name was 雲彌Won Nay. besides Buddhist ceremonies, Won Nay industriously and painstakenly practiced fighting skills. Then created 撥香樁掌功 "Transfer Incense Pile Palm Gung". One day, after Won Nay had just finished practicing gung-fu in front of the temple, he suddenly sees two great hawks, in airborne assaults. Turning, seething and soaring, up and down with exceptional agility. Then he collated that with the five animal form, which master Hung had passed on, coordinated with the daily and nightly hard training of "Transfer Incense Pile Palm Gung", collected and synthesized 洪拳佛掌 (Hung Kyun Fat Jeung) Hung Fist and Buddha Palm. Later, the common people abbriviated the name and called it 洪佛派Hung Fat Pai (the Hung Fut faction). This is how Lei Joe-foon became the founder and first generation of Hung Fut Pai.
第二代掌門 The second generation Grand Master
Zen master Won Nay continued his practices in the Qinghua temple. In a flash it was already 30 years. Then, during the Jintian uprising, 洪秀全 Hung Sauchyun uncovered the counter-Ching groups, straight under 金陵Jinling (todays Nanjing) and had established the 太平天國Heavenly Kingdom of Peace (1850-1864). Then recognized that the Manchurian Qing Dynasty "needed to end". Then Won Nay made his mind up to descend the mountain, and instruct new disciples in fighting skills. Also to continue efforts for his unfulfilled wish. On the pretext of wandering for fame, from Guangxi to Guangdong. He arrived at 鼎湖山的慶雲寺 Mt. Dinghu Qingyun temple to lodge for for a night, revisting the old place. He found that the people were living in chaos, but felt that the average people were exceptionally strong willed regarding the counter-Ching mood.
So they secretely got money to help the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace. Amongst the anti-Ching group members, there was a youth by the name of 黃永基Huang Yongchi, who was zealous regarding the anti-Ching movement. Huang Yongchi's father was in west Nanzhen's paper industry business and business was exuberant. The profits were quite abundant. As for the political situation of the day, people needed to study self-defense and Huang Yongchi also wanted to study. When his father got old and retired, he handed over the shop for Huang Yongchi to manage. His natural disposition was that of a chivalrous person. He was generous in aiding other people. The counter-Ching ambition was overflowing and was showing in peoples words and expressions. He became friends with a crowd of slaughterers. The good and evil intermingled.
There was one time a man by the name of 陳金剛Chen Jin-gang who would start the coup d'etat in Seundoc, but he needed 2000 taels of silver to stage the rebellion. Huang Yongchi felt it would be righteous to fund and carry the silver to Seundoc. But on the way they were robbed by a gang of dozens and were overwhelmed by sheer numbers. Then came an aged monk who broke his vow (not to mame) to help and with his staff he blinded the ring leaders left eye. So when the rest of the gang saw what the old monk did to the ringleader, they scattered in a panic. Huang Yongchi thanked the old monk for saving his life and asked him his name. Actually Zen master Won Nay had earlier clearly understood all, was worldy, wise and played it safe.
Huang Yongchi did obeisance with Won Nay at the 金山寺Jinshan Temple. Over the course of time, the disciple would diligently study gung-fu with the monk. By the time Huang Yongchi became accomplished, Zen master Won Nay died in Jinshan Temple. Huang Yongchi, in commemoration for his first teacher and founder decided the ten words that would represent Hung Fat Pai for the next ten generations. Those words are 善Shan 始Yi 拔Ba 生Sheng 成Cheng 寶Bao 化Hua 用Yong 英Ying and 賢Xian. These ten characters differntiated the generational spread of the faction. Huang Yongchi built a consecrated palace for Zen master Won Nay and named it 善善堂Shan-Shan Tang. Huang Yongchi became the second generation grandmaster.
第三代掌門 The third generation grandmaster
Later Huang Yongchi would leave Jinshan Temple, to open a Hung Fut gung-fu school in 佛山Foshan and called it 怡怡堂Yi-Yi Tang. Practicng day after day increased his fame. One day, Huang Yongchi strolled to Guangzhou City. There was a company of ManChu soldiers, who were galloping to the East suburbian field. As soon as they got to the main east gate, in their haste, a youth unexpectedly was unable to evade the oncoming horses. The leading flag soldier knocked the youth down. That flag soldier got off his horse, and maliciously used a leather whip on that youth. The youth was unable to avoid it. Huang Yongchi saw this and was unable to restrain thimself from getting angry. With one stance he controlled the leather whip, then he took it away from the soldier and continued to beat him. When the other flag soldiers arrived and saw with their own eyes their companion being bullied, they encircled Huang Yongchi and raised their weapons to attack. But HuangYongchi's fast eyes and hands were continually striking. The flag soldier's horses all fled in disorder. All of the flags soldiers were injured and left groaning on the ground. Huang Yongchi helped the youth up onto a horse and in one breath ran like the wind to the West Village.
Originally that youth was named 李同寬 Lei Tung-foon who was a waiter for a West Village convenience store. Huang Yongchi recalled that Zen master Won Nay was originaly surnamed Lei as well, and believed there was a connexion. He also sensed the youths moral behavior was pure, good-hearted, loyal and would be reliable. So at the store in the West Village, he accepted him as a student and taught him all the gung-fu he knew. After more than ten years of hard training, Lei Tung-foon achieved the martial power of Hung Fut Pai and became the third generation grandmaster, 拔拔堂(or Ba-Ba Tang), of Hung Fut Pai.
When Lei Tung-foon became accomplished, Huang Yongchi was old and the declared that he going to wander around the world. After Lei Tung-foon properly buried Zen master Won Nay in his hometown, while in the village housing, he was drinking liquor to find relief of boredom. After he got drunk he created the "Drunken Eight Immortals" form. After he mastered this form, the gung-fu of Hung Fut Pai advanced a step further. After Lei Tung-foon occupied the township for a period of time, he went to Gaoyao County city to teach the gung-fu of Hung Fut Pai under the sign of Ba-Ba Tang where he taught countless disciples.
第 四代掌門 The fourth grandmaster
One day, there came a young taoist priest approximately 14 or fifteen years old, who was seeking the help of Lei Tung-foon, and called hisself 何道旦Haw Doudan. Because his family was poor, he lived at the 七星岸普賢道院 "Big Dipper Shore Universal Virtue Daoist Temple" to lead a pious life. Shortly after he entered the temple, there came a taoist priest by the name of 福緣道士Fok Yun, but he was a taoist priest from a heterodox faction. With his strange techniques, he committed all kinds of evil deeds and caused disturbances at the temple and therefore he was ordered to leave. Who would imagine that priest Fok Yun would become enraged, and seize the opportunity to demonstrate his powers. He went to slap his palm on a document case, and split the firm wood on the spot and stated that he was going to take over the Universal Virtue Daoist temple. Because Haw Doudan knew that Lei Tung-foon's gung-fu was good, he came purposely to seek his help. Lei Tung-foon was moved by Haw Doudan's plight, and was willing to help. Together they went back to the Daoist temple. Meanwhile priest FokYun was just taking possesion of the temple, and in front of Lei Tung-foon proposed that he should please leave. Then priest Fok Yun suddenly attacked Lei Tung-foon with his iron palm. But Lei Tung-foon repeled priest Fok Yun's technique. Priest Fok Yun then knew he could not beat Tung-foon. He then bowed his head compliantly, tidied up his valuables and left immediately. The original head of the temple expressed gratitude after Lei Tung-foon upheld justice.
Lei Tung-foon earlier had had plans to look for an intelligent promising youth to be the grandmaster of the fourth generation. He thought how Haw Doudan was wise and not a laymen and intended to accept him as a student so he could protect the temple, and especially proposed to the head priest that he allowed Doudan to study with him. After Haw Doudan painstakenly studied diligently for several years at the Universal Virtue Daoist temple, he continued with concentrating on cultivation. After passing through a suitable amount of time to ponder, he created the 十四肘 14 elbow form. By then Lei Tung-foon was old, and soon thereafter returned to Mt. Dao (the paradise where the souls of good people dwell after death). Haw Doudan then propagated the 生生堂 "Sheng-Sheng Tang" generation in the Daoist temple, teaching the taoist priests martial arts and became fourth generation grandmaster of Hung Fat Pai. After Haw Doudan created the 14 elbow form, the gung-fu of Hung Fat Pai had now increased by one more form. But he thought to himself, he shouldn't restrict himself to just teaching Taoist priests, but that he should teach Hung Fut to the troubled outside world. He made up his mind to look for an apprentice who was a laymen.
第五代掌門 The grandmaster of the fifth generation
When repairs were being made on the Daoist temple, there was a young janitor who donated his services, whose name was 吳通 Wu-tung, his physical strength was greater than that of the average man and also worked diligently until his hair was completely white. The commoners all called him 白毛通 "Bak Moutung". Although he was an odd job man, he thoroughly understood literature. Early every morning when Bak Moutung would begin working, he would see the taoist priests practicing martial arts in the courtyard. He hoped very much that Daoist priest Haw Dandou would except him as a student, so he could be engaged in studying Hung Fut martial arts. Then they agreed that Bak Moutung would do obeisance and Haw Doudan became his master. From that time on Bak Moutung became an insider at the Universal Virtue Daoist temple. He became the permanent cook and thoroughly absorbed in studying the martial arts.
This went on for 7 or 8 years. Because of his painstakeing study, he rose up amongst the ranks of taoist priests, eventually becoming the best martial artists in the group. Haw Doudan then recognized that Hung Fut needed a new fifth generation person to teach other people, and felt that Bak Moutung was the most suitable. So then he urged Bak Moutung to descend the mountain, to develope and carry forward the martial arts of Hung Fut Pai. Bak Moutung then said good-bye to Haw Doudan. After leaving his hometown he went to teach the style in Haw Ga Town.