The Origin and History of Hung Fat Pai

開山祖師 The Founder
During the Qing Dynasty, when the Manchus were in power, they picked martial experts amongst the Han people. They had absolute power to spare, kill, give and take at will. They arbitrarily deceived people. Who knew the pressure was so great? Meanwhile the counter-resistance kept getting stronger. There were willful and ambitious men, with numerous stratagem for resistance directed towards 反清復明 "Oppose the Ching (Qing) and restore the Ming". In that year, the Guangdong Zhaoqing government office, there lived a rich youngster who was named 李祖寬Lei Joe-foon. His father was one of the successful candidates of provintial examinations for military officers. But he was unreasonably falsley incriminated by the Qing government hired ruffians, and was executed due to the fabricated charge.
Joe-foon had studied his fathers martial arts. The family also had excess capital. So what he did was,become friends with heroes in the martial arts world. During his freetime, he would hang out with them in the courtyard. On the surface he appeared to drink wine, have fun, act like nothing matters , and did not do anything productive. But he was actually cherishing a lofty aspiration, which was to overthrow the Qing Dynasty, and take revenge for his father.
When a suitable Fujian Province tea merchant's son arrived, whose name was 洪熙 Hung Xi. Because the family had property and was rich, the maid servant called him 洪熙官Hung Xi-Guan which means Hung Xi the "official". Xi-Guan liked the martial arts. He got into 少林寺Shaolin Temple to study, did obeisance with 至善禪師 Zen master Zhi Shan. He went through many years of study and practice, unitl he became skilled in martial arts, just then, the royal government burnt down Shaolin Temple. So he ran away back to 廣東Guangdong, to Lei Joe-foon's place. These two people had a common goal. After they sparred, Hung Xi-Guan's became Lee Joe-foons master. They practiced in the morning and the evening. Besides teaching everything Hung Xi-Guan studied in Shaolin Temple, he also collected the strong points from the five southern shaolin styles and created the 五形拳Five Animal Form. He passed on the secrets to Lei Joe-foon.
Hung Xi-Guan lived with Lei Joe-foon for more than two years. But for the counter-Qing movement, he could not but depart. When Hung Xi-Guan bid farewell, he felt he must carry forward the 洪家拳術Hung Ga style of martial arts. Not long after Hung Xi-Guan had departed, Lei Joe-foon encountered a calamity. Because he sealed the Sichuan bailiff 雷震天Leui Zhentian's confidential report. So the royal government issued a warrant for his arrest. Leui Zhentian came accompanied by his fellow policemen, and attempted to "bring him to justice". But when Leui Zhentian began to fight, he found that he could not beat Lei Joe-foon. Lei Joe-foon beat him to death in front of the step. When the other policemen saw that, they instantly dispersed.
After Lei Joe-foon caused that trouble, he abandoned the family and left in a hurry. He fled to 八排山 Mt. Bapai in Guandong. Joined the 青華寺 Qing Hwa temple, shaved his head and became a monk. His Buddhist name was 雲彌Won Nay. besides Buddhist ceremonies, Won Nay industriously and painstakenly practiced fighting skills. Then created 撥香樁掌功 "Transfer Incense Pile Palm Gung". One day, after Won Nay had just finished practicing gung-fu in front of the temple, he suddenly sees two great hawks, in airborne assaults. Turning, seething and soaring, up and down with exceptional agility. Then he collated that with the five animal form, which master Hung had passed on, coordinated with the daily and nightly hard training of "Transfer Incense Pile Palm Gung", collected and synthesized 洪拳佛掌 (Hung Kyun Fat Jeung) Hung Fist and Buddha Palm. Later, the common people abbriviated the name and called it 洪佛派Hung Fat Pai (the Hung Fut faction). This is how Lei Joe-foon became the founder and first generation of Hung Fut Pai.

第二代掌門 The second generation Grand Master
Zen master Won Nay continued his practices in the Qinghua temple. In a flash it was already 30 years. Then, during the Jintian uprising, 洪秀全 Hung Sauchyun uncovered the counter-Ching groups, straight under 金陵Jinling (todays Nanjing) and had established the 太平天國Heavenly Kingdom of Peace (1850-1864). Then recognized that the Manchurian Qing Dynasty "needed to end". Then Won Nay made his mind up to descend the mountain, and instruct new disciples in fighting skills. Also to continue efforts for his unfulfilled wish. On the pretext of wandering for fame, from Guangxi to Guangdong. He arrived at 鼎湖山的慶雲寺 Mt. Dinghu Qingyun temple to lodge for for a night, revisting the old place. He found that the people were living in chaos, but felt that the average people were exceptionally strong willed regarding the counter-Ching mood.
So they secretely got money to help the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace. Amongst the anti-Ching group members, there was a youth by the name of 黃永基Huang Yongchi, who was zealous regarding the anti-Ching movement. Huang Yongchi's father was in west Nanzhen's paper industry business and business was exuberant. The profits were quite abundant. As for the political situation of the day, people needed to study self-defense and Huang Yongchi also wanted to study. When his father got old and retired, he handed over the shop for Huang Yongchi to manage. His natural disposition was that of a chivalrous person. He was generous in aiding other people. The counter-Ching ambition was overflowing and was showing in peoples words and expressions. He became friends with a crowd of slaughterers. The good and evil intermingled.
There was one time a man by the name of 陳金剛Chen Jin-gang who would start the coup d'etat in Seundoc, but he needed 2000 taels of silver to stage the rebellion. Huang Yongchi felt it would be righteous to fund and carry the silver to Seundoc. But on the way they were robbed by a gang of dozens and were overwhelmed by sheer numbers. Then came an aged monk who broke his vow (not to mame) to help and with his staff he blinded the ring leaders left eye. So when the rest of the gang saw what the old monk did to the ringleader, they scattered in a panic. Huang Yongchi thanked the old monk for saving his life and asked him his name. Actually Zen master Won Nay had earlier clearly understood all, was worldy, wise and played it safe.
Huang Yongchi did obeisance with Won Nay at the 金山寺Jinshan Temple. Over the course of time, the disciple would diligently study gung-fu with the monk. By the time Huang Yongchi became accomplished, Zen master Won Nay died in Jinshan Temple. Huang Yongchi, in commemoration for his first teacher and founder decided the ten words that would represent Hung Fat Pai for the next ten generations. Those words are 善Shan 始Yi 拔Ba 生Sheng 成Cheng 寶Bao 化Hua 用Yong 英Ying and 賢Xian. These ten characters differntiated the generational spread of the faction. Huang Yongchi built a consecrated palace for Zen master Won Nay and named it 善善堂Shan-Shan Tang. Huang Yongchi became the second generation grandmaster.

第三代掌門 The third generation grandmaster
Later Huang Yongchi would leave Jinshan Temple, to open a Hung Fut gung-fu school in 佛山Foshan and called it 怡怡堂Yi-Yi Tang. Practicng day after day increased his fame. One day, Huang Yongchi strolled to Guangzhou City. There was a company of ManChu soldiers, who were galloping to the East suburbian field. As soon as they got to the main east gate, in their haste, a youth unexpectedly was unable to evade the oncoming horses. The leading flag soldier knocked the youth down. That flag soldier got off his horse, and maliciously used a leather whip on that youth. The youth was unable to avoid it. Huang Yongchi saw this and was unable to restrain thimself from getting angry. With one stance he controlled the leather whip, then he took it away from the soldier and continued to beat him. When the other flag soldiers arrived and saw with their own eyes their companion being bullied, they encircled Huang Yongchi and raised their weapons to attack. But HuangYongchi's fast eyes and hands were continually striking. The flag soldier's horses all fled in disorder. All of the flags soldiers were injured and left groaning on the ground. Huang Yongchi helped the youth up onto a horse and in one breath ran like the wind to the West Village.
Originally that youth was named 李同寬 Lei Tung-foon who was a waiter for a West Village convenience store. Huang Yongchi recalled that Zen master Won Nay was originaly surnamed Lei as well, and believed there was a connexion. He also sensed the youths moral behavior was pure, good-hearted, loyal and would be reliable. So at the store in the West Village, he accepted him as a student and taught him all the gung-fu he knew. After more than ten years of hard training, Lei Tung-foon achieved the martial power of Hung Fut Pai and became the third generation grandmaster, 拔拔堂(or Ba-Ba Tang), of Hung Fut Pai.
When Lei Tung-foon became accomplished, Huang Yongchi was old and the declared that he going to wander around the world. After Lei Tung-foon properly buried Zen master Won Nay in his hometown, while in the village housing, he was drinking liquor to find relief of boredom. After he got drunk he created the "Drunken Eight Immortals" form. After he mastered this form, the gung-fu of Hung Fut Pai advanced a step further. After Lei Tung-foon occupied the township for a period of time, he went to Gaoyao County city to teach the gung-fu of Hung Fut Pai under the sign of Ba-Ba Tang where he taught countless disciples.

第 四代掌門 The fourth grandmaster
One day, there came a young taoist priest approximately 14 or fifteen years old, who was seeking the help of Lei Tung-foon, and called hisself 何道旦Haw Doudan. Because his family was poor, he lived at the 七星岸普賢道院 "Big Dipper Shore Universal Virtue Daoist Temple" to lead a pious life. Shortly after he entered the temple, there came a taoist priest by the name of 福緣道士Fok Yun, but he was a taoist priest from a heterodox faction. With his strange techniques, he committed all kinds of evil deeds and caused disturbances at the temple and therefore he was ordered to leave. Who would imagine that priest Fok Yun would become enraged, and seize the opportunity to demonstrate his powers. He went to slap his palm on a document case, and split the firm wood on the spot and stated that he was going to take over the Universal Virtue Daoist temple. Because Haw Doudan knew that Lei Tung-foon's gung-fu was good, he came purposely to seek his help. Lei Tung-foon was moved by Haw Doudan's plight, and was willing to help. Together they went back to the Daoist temple. Meanwhile priest FokYun was just taking possesion of the temple, and in front of Lei Tung-foon proposed that he should please leave. Then priest Fok Yun suddenly attacked Lei Tung-foon with his iron palm. But Lei Tung-foon repeled priest Fok Yun's technique. Priest Fok Yun then knew he could not beat Tung-foon. He then bowed his head compliantly, tidied up his valuables and left immediately. The original head of the temple expressed gratitude after Lei Tung-foon upheld justice.
Lei Tung-foon earlier had had plans to look for an intelligent promising youth to be the grandmaster of the fourth generation. He thought how Haw Doudan was wise and not a laymen and intended to accept him as a student so he could protect the temple, and especially proposed to the head priest that he allowed Doudan to study with him. After Haw Doudan painstakenly studied diligently for several years at the Universal Virtue Daoist temple, he continued with concentrating on cultivation. After passing through a suitable amount of time to ponder, he created the 十四肘 14 elbow form. By then Lei Tung-foon was old, and soon thereafter returned to Mt. Dao (the paradise where the souls of good people dwell after death). Haw Doudan then propagated the 生生堂 "Sheng-Sheng Tang" generation in the Daoist temple, teaching the taoist priests martial arts and became fourth generation grandmaster of Hung Fat Pai. After Haw Doudan created the 14 elbow form, the gung-fu of Hung Fat Pai had now increased by one more form. But he thought to himself, he shouldn't restrict himself to just teaching Taoist priests, but that he should teach Hung Fut to the troubled outside world. He made up his mind to look for an apprentice who was a laymen.

第五代掌門 The grandmaster of the fifth generation
When repairs were being made on the Daoist temple, there was a young janitor who donated his services, whose name was 吳通 Wu-tung, his physical strength was greater than that of the average man and also worked diligently until his hair was completely white. The commoners all called him 白毛通 "Bak Moutung". Although he was an odd job man, he thoroughly understood literature. Early every morning when Bak Moutung would begin working, he would see the taoist priests practicing martial arts in the courtyard. He hoped very much that Daoist priest Haw Dandou would except him as a student, so he could be engaged in studying Hung Fut martial arts. Then they agreed that Bak Moutung would do obeisance and Haw Doudan became his master. From that time on Bak Moutung became an insider at the Universal Virtue Daoist temple. He became the permanent cook and thoroughly absorbed in studying the martial arts.
This went on for 7 or 8 years. Because of his painstakeing study, he rose up amongst the ranks of taoist priests, eventually becoming the best martial artists in the group. Haw Doudan then recognized that Hung Fut needed a new fifth generation person to teach other people, and felt that Bak Moutung was the most suitable. So then he urged Bak Moutung to descend the mountain, to develope and carry forward the martial arts of Hung Fut Pai. Bak Moutung then said good-bye to Haw Doudan. After leaving his hometown he went to teach the style in Haw Ga Town.

第六代掌門 Bak Moujiu becomes the sixth generation grandmaster

第七代掌門 7th generation grandmaster

Head of Page 頁首
6th generation Grand Master寶寶堂掌門人 白毛照Baak Mou Jiu
化化堂掌門人 7th generation Grand Master 洪耀宗Hung Yiu Jung
化化堂監督 7th generation Chief Supervisor 洪強生Hung Keung Saang
化化堂師傅7th generation Masters
譚錫Tom Sek, 鄧灼華Dang Cheukwa, 鄧如東Dang Yudung,
洪旺德Hung Wongdak, 廖鏡枝Liu Gengji, 胡少南Wu Siunam
Current Chief Supervisor 用用堂監督 洪錦培Hung Gum Pui
8th generation Elder Master 用用堂長輩 鄧寶詒Dang Bouyi
Associate Supervisor 會務監督 洪愛群Hung Oikwan
Senior President首席會長 洪澤培Hung Jak Pui
President會長 蔡景文Choi Gingman
Vice President副會長 張麗君Jeung Lai Gwan
Chairman主席 廖廣森Liu Gwong Sam
用用堂師傅8th generation Masters
鍾鏡波Canonball Jung, 洪樹森Hung Syusam, and 李賽生Lee Choisaang
袁鐵面Hung Fut Monkey
The Prince王子洪樂文 Hung Lokman - The Accountant會計師洪智文 Maverick Hung
海外聯絡組組長 Chief Liason 濟施符Sifu Jai
紐約長輩NY Elder Master 楊啟 Yeung Kai
紐約教練 NY Instructors 洪文虎Faan-tung Auffrey, 洪文彪Biu Thomas, 洪文豹Pow Affoumado,
洪文龍Mad Dog Fleming, 洪文飛Fay Rivera and 洪文賓Buns Perez
女人防身班Womens Self-defence class
Secretary中文秘書 李英鳳Lee Ying Fung - Director of Entertainment遊藝主任 凌思雅Tiffany Ling
十八羅漢18 Arhat - 武神God of Kung-fu
For class times, locations and all other enquiries contact: GongKeung@HungFutPai.org

Please disregard any jibberish which may appear below ℼⴭ∧⼼楴汴㹥⼼敨摡ⴾ㸭ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ⼯睏敮䥲ੑ慶⁲彟楯影捰⁴‽〵਻晩
੻慶⁲瑳牡⁴‽畦汬氮獡䥴摮硥晏猨瑩⥥਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲㴠映汵⹬慬瑳湉敤佸⡦影慰慲⥭਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲⬠‽影慰慲⹭敬杮桴਻慶⁲湥⁤‽畦汬椮摮硥晏✨✦‬瑳牡⥴਻晩⠠湥⁤㴽ⴠ⤱攠摮㴠映汵⹬敬杮桴਻敲畴湲甠敮捳灡⡥畦汬献扵瑳楲杮猨慴瑲‬湥⥤⸩灳楬⡴•⤢樮楯⡮⬢⤢਻੽畦据楴湯朠湥牥瑡䡥敲⡦瑡条‬整灭慬整笩愊慴⹧牨晥琽浥汰瑡⹥敲汰捡⡥弧奍剕彌Ⱗ眠湩潤⹷潬慣楴湯栮敲⹦敲汰捡⡥栧瑴㩰⼯Ⱗ✠⤧⸩敲汰捡⡥弧奍䥔䱔彅Ⱗ䌧敨正㈥漰瑵㈥琰楨╳〲牔灩摯㈥䴰浥敢╲〲楳整✡㬩ਠ੽慶⁲祬潣彳摡㴠䄠牲祡⤨਻慶⁲祬潣彳湯潬摡瑟浩牥਻慶⁲浣牟汯⁥‽氢癩≥਻慶⁲浣桟獯⁴‽琢楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲浣瑟硡摩㴠∠洯浥敢敲扭摥敤≤਻慶⁲牴灩摯浟浥敢彲慮敭㴠∠畨杮畦灴楡㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤敭扭牥灟条⁥‽栢湵晧瑵慰⽩楨瑳牯⹹瑨汭㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤慲楴杮彳慨桳㴠∠㜱㈰㠱ㄴ㤲攺搴㘴㉦ㄹ戹捡㝤㙤〹挷㥤㔶慤搷晡∷਻瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲㴠笠搢潭≺∺灳牯獴⽜慭瑲慩彬牡獴Ⱒ漢瑮牡敧≴∺䌦呁猽潰瑲╳〲湡╤〲敲牣慥楴湯Ⱒ昢湩彤桷瑡㨢ꪴ㿧⊷㭽ਊ慶⁲祬潣彳摡牟浥瑯彥摡牤㴠∠〲⸹〲⸲㐲⸴∹਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⁲‽眢睷琮楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡瑟慲正獟慭汬㴠∠㬢瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤牴捡彫敳癲摥㴠∠㬢瘊牡氠捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⁹‽敧兴敵祲⤨਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰•牳㵣栢瑴獰⼺猯牣灩獴氮捹獯挮浯振瑡慭⽮湩瑩樮≳㰾猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴ਾ瘠牡朠潯汧瑥条㴠朠潯汧瑥条簠⁼絻਻朠潯汧瑥条挮摭㴠朠潯汧瑥条挮摭簠⁼嵛਻⠠畦据楴湯⤨笠 †慶⁲慧獤㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴猧牣灩❴㬩 †慧獤愮祳据㴠琠畲㭥 †慧獤琮灹⁥‽琧硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㬧 †慶⁲獵卥䱓㴠✠瑨灴㩳‧㴽搠捯浵湥⹴潬慣楴湯瀮潲潴潣㭬 †慧獤献捲㴠⠠獵卥䱓㼠✠瑨灴㩳‧›栧瑴㩰⤧⬠ ††⼧眯睷朮潯汧瑥条敳癲捩獥挮浯琯条樯⽳灧⹴獪㬧 †慶⁲潮敤㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭✨捳楲瑰⤧せ㭝 †潮敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥湩敳瑲敂潦敲木摡ⱳ渠摯⥥਻素⠩㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴ਾ朠潯汧瑥条挮摭瀮獵⡨畦据楴湯⤨笠 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉〳堰㔲弰晤❰‬㍛〰‬㔲崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✰⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条搮晥湩卥潬⡴⼧㔹㘹㔳㘹启䥒慟潢敶㝟㠲㥸弰晤❰‬㝛㠲‬〹ⱝ✠楤⵶灧⵴摡ㄭ㔴㈰㐰㔱ㄹ㘲ㄭ⤧愮摤敓癲捩⡥潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉敢潬彷㈷砸〹摟灦Ⱗ嬠㈷ⰸ㤠崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✲⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⸩湥扡敬楓杮敬敒畱獥⡴㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧湥扡敬敓癲捩獥⤨਻素㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢ਠ昨湵瑣潩⡮獩⥖笊 †椠⡦℠獩⁖਩††੻††††敲畴湲਻††੽††慶⁲摡杍⁲‽敮⁷摁慍慮敧⡲㬩 †瘠牡氠捹獯灟潲彤敳⁴‽摡杍⹲档潯敳牐摯捵却瑥⤨਻††慶⁲汳瑯⁳‽≛敬摡牥潢牡≤‬氢慥敤扲慯摲∲‬琢潯扬牡楟慭敧Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲整瑸Ⱒ∠浳污扬硯Ⱒ∠潴彰牰浯≯‬昢潯整㉲Ⱒ∠汳摩牥崢਻††慶⁲摡慃⁴‽桴獩氮捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲਻††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨慰敧Ⱗ⠠摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡搮潭⥺㼠愠䍤瑡搮潭⁺›洧浥敢❲㬩 †椠⁦琨楨⹳祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲਩††੻††††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡∨敫睹牯≤‬桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹਻††⁽ †攠獬⁥晩愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃⹴楦摮睟慨⥴ †笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欧祥潷摲Ⱗ愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡㬩 †素 †ਠ††潦⁲瘨牡猠椠汳瑯⥳ †笠 †††瘠牡猠潬⁴‽汳瑯孳嵳਻††††晩⠠摡杍⹲獩汓瑯癁楡慬汢⡥汳瑯⤩ †††笠 †††††琠楨⹳祬潣彳摡獛潬嵴㴠愠䵤牧朮瑥汓瑯猨潬⥴਻††††੽††੽ †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䡲慥敤⡲㬩 †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䙲潯整⡲㬩紊⠨畦据楴湯⤨笠ਊ慶⁲⁷‽ⰰ栠㴠〠‬業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬㴠㌠〰਻椊⁦琨灯㴠‽敳晬਩੻††敲畴湲琠畲㭥紊椊⁦琨灹潥⡦楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤⥨㴠‽渧浵敢❲⤠笊 †眠㴠眠湩潤⹷湩敮坲摩桴਻††⁨‽楷摮睯椮湮牥效杩瑨਻੽汥敳椠⁦搨捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⁴☦⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴਩੻††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴਻††⁨‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊攊獬⁥晩⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⁹☦⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤⁨籼搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴਩੻††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊爊瑥牵⠨⁷‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬
☦⠠⁨‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬⤩਻⡽⤩⤩਻ਊਊ楷摮睯漮汮慯⁤‽畦据楴湯⤨笊 †瘠牡映㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉∨潆瑯牥摁⤢਻††慶⁲⁢‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戢摯≹嬩崰਻††⹢灡数摮桃汩⡤⥦਻††⹦瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戢潬正㬢 †搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉✨祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡❥⸩牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡是潯整䅲⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††ਊ †ਠ††⼯䐠䵏䤠橮䄠੤††昨湵瑣潩⡮獩牔汥楬⥸ †笠 †††瘠牡攠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††攠献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††攠献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠楲桧❴਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††攠献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧ਊ †††瘠牡椠䉳潬敫䉤䑹浯楡‽畦据楴湯
牨晥⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡戠潬正摥潄慭湩⁳‽ਜ਼††††††††愢慮祮灡牯ㅮ〳〰琮楲潰⹤潣≭ਬ††††††††砢硸潰湲硸⹸牴灩摯挮浯ਢ††††††㭝 †††††瘠牡映慬⁧‽慦獬㭥 †††††ਠ††††††潦⡲瘠牡椠〽※㱩汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫⤠ †††††笠 †††††††椠⡦栠敲⹦敳牡档
㴾〠⤠ †††††††笠 †††††††††映慬⁧‽牴敵਻††††††††੽††††††੽††††††敲畴湲映慬㭧 †††素ਊ††††慶⁲敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮㴠映湵瑣潩⡮洠瑥乡浡⁥਩††††੻††††††慶⁲敭慴⁳‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥洧瑥❡㬩 †††††映牯⠠㵩㬰椠洼瑥獡氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††††⁻ †††††††椠⡦洠瑥獡楛⹝敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨慮敭⤢㴠‽敭慴慎敭⤠ †††††††笠ਠ††††††††††敲畴湲洠瑥獡楛⹝敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨潣瑮湥≴㬩ਠ††††††††⁽ †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††素 †††ਠ††††慶⁲敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤⁳‽畦据楴湯爨来硥慐瑴牥⥮ †††笠 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥㴠笠㭽 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥⁁‽嵛਻††††††慶⁲牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳㴠嬠愧Ⱗ✠❣‬戧崧਻†††† †††††⠠畦据楴湯朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳Ɱ瀠瑡整湲਩††††††੻††††††††晩⠠⹮慨䍳楨摬潎敤⡳⤩ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠⁦渨琮条慎敭㴠㴽✠䙉䅒䕍⤧ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††††††††素 †††††††††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩‽㬰椠㰠渠挮楨摬潎敤⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††椠⁦⠨⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤祔数㴠㴽㠠
☦⠠慰瑴牥⹮整瑳渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯噥污敵⤩਩††††††††††††੻††††††††††††††慶⁲牡慥慎敭㴠瀠瑡整湲攮數⡣⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤慖畬⥥ㅛ㭝 †††††††††††††渠摯獥慛敲乡浡嵥㴠渠਻††††††††††††੽††††††††††††汥敳椠⁦渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯呥灹⁥㴽‽⤱ †††††††††††笠 †††††††††††††朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳⹮档汩乤摯獥楛ⱝ瀠瑡整湲㬩 †††††††††††素 †††††††††素 †††††††素 †††††素搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤‬敲敧偸瑡整湲⤩਻ †††††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩湩瀠敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩⥴ †††††笠 †††††††椠⁦渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⥝ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤⤠ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⹝慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⥥਻††††††††††੽††††††††††汥敳 †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳
潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝⤠਻††††††††††੽††††††††੽††††††੽††††††敲畴湲渠摯獥㭁 †††素 †††ਠ†††† †††瘠牡瀠潲数乲摯⁥‽畮汬਻††††慶⁲牡慥潎敤⁳‽敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤⡳渠睥删来硅⡰✠慞敲⁡祔数∽牡慥⡟屜⭷∩‧
㬩ਊ††††潦⁲瘨牡椠㴠〠※⁩‼牡慥潎敤⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††笠 †††††瘠牡愠㴠瀠牡敳湉⡴敧䍴浯異整卤祴敬愨敲乡摯獥楛⥝眮摩桴㬩 †††††椠⁦⠨⁡㴾㌠〰
☦⠠⁡㴼㐠〰⤩ †††††笠 †††††††瀠潲数乲摯⁥‽牡慥潎敤孳嵩਻††††††††牢慥㭫 †††††素 †††素ਊ †††瘠牡瀠潲数瑲乹浡⁥‽敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮∨牰灯牥祴⤢簠⁼慦獬㭥 †††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…瀨潲数乲摯⥥⤠ †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †††††瀠潲数乲摯⹥湩敳瑲敂潦敲攨‬牰灯牥潎敤昮物瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††††汥敳椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…⠡瀠潲数乲摯⁥

⼯匠慬⁰桴⁥摡攠敶瑮潨杵瑨琠敨敲椠⁳潮愠潬慣整⁤汳瑯 †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †††††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽渧湯❥਻††††††慶⁲摣癩㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴搧癩⤧਻††††††摣癩献祴敬㴠∠楷瑤㩨〳瀰㭸慭杲湩ㄺ瀰⁸畡潴∻਻††††††摣癩愮灰湥䍤楨摬
⁥㬩 †††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††††汥敳椠⡦℠獩求歯摥祂潄慭湩
਩††††੻††††††慶⁲湩䙪㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠潮敮㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻††††††湩䙪献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧ਊ††††††晩
⁢☦⠠℠獩牔汥楬⁸籼⠠琠灹潥⁦獩牔汥楬⁸㴽∠湵敤楦敮≤⤠⤠⤠⼠ 汁瑯敨⁲牴灩摯瀠潲獰 †††††笠 †††††††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††††††挠楤⹶瑳汹⁥‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††††††挠楤⹶灡数摮桃汩⡤椠橮⁆㬩 †††††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††††⁽ †††素 素
潤畣敭瑮椮味敲汬硩⤠㬩紊ਊ⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊楤⁶摩∽扴损湯慴湩牥•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤䐣䑆䍃㭆戠牯敤⵲潢瑴浯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠㤳㤳㤳※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㤹椡灭牯慴瑮㸢㰊ⴡ昭牯慮敭∽敳牡档•湯畓浢瑩∽敲畴湲猠慥捲楨⡴∩椠㵤栧慥敤彲敳牡档‧ਾ椼灮瑵琠灹㵥琢硥≴瀠慬散潨摬牥∽敓牡档•楳敺㌽‰慮敭∽敳牡档∲瘠污敵∽㸢㰊湩異⁴祴数∽畢瑴湯•慶畬㵥䜢Ⅿ•湯汃捩㵫猢慥捲楨⡴∩ਾ⼼潦浲ਾ猼祴敬ਾ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档笠 †眠摩桴›ㄹ瀶㭸 †洠牡楧㩮〠愠瑵瀸㭸 †瀠獯瑩潩㩮爠汥瑡癩㭥紊ਊ昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異⁴੻††敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††潦瑮猭穩㩥ㄠ瀴㭸 †氠湩ⵥ敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††慰摤湩㩧〠㠠硰਻††潢⵸楳楺杮›潢摲牥戭硯਻††慢正牧畯摮›䘣䘴䔲㬹 †戠牯敤㩲ㄠ硰猠汯摩⌠䉂㡂㡂਻††牴湡楳楴湯›慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡ⵥ畯ⱴ †††††††挠汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡㭥紊ਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴⁝੻††楷瑤㩨ㄠ〰㬥紊昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵笠 †戠牯敤⵲潣潬㩲⌠㉁い㐵਻††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›昣晦਻††潢⵸桳摡睯›‰瀰⁸㈱硰ⴠ瀴⁸䄣䐲㔰㬴紊ਊਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戢瑵潴≮⁝੻††潰楳楴湯›扡潳畬整਻††潴㩰ㄠ硰਻††楲桧㩴ㄠ硰਻††灯捡瑩㩹ㄠ਻††慢正牧畯摮›䐣䑆䍃㭆 †挠汯牯›㐣㌶㌷㬴 †眠摩桴›㈱瀵㭸 †挠牵潳㩲瀠楯瑮牥਻††敨杩瑨›㠳硰਻††潢摲牥›潮敮਻੽潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥ਬ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶⁲੻††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›䄣䌵㕅㬶 †挠汯牯›昣晦਻੽潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧笠 †戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠㈵䕁䙄਻††潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦紊ਊ⼼瑳汹㹥ਊ猼牣灩㹴昊湵瑣潩敳牡档瑩⤨੻†† †⼠ 敤整浲湩⁥湥楶潲浮湥⁴ †瘠牡猠慥捲彨湥⁶ †椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨瀮⹤⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱摰氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††⁽汥敳椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨焮⹡⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱慱氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††⁽汥敳笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †素ਊ慶⁲敳牡档瑟牥‽湥潣敤剕䍉浯潰敮瑮搨捯浵湥⹴敳牡档献慥捲㉨瘮污敵਩慶⁲敳牡档畟汲㴠猠慥捲彨湥⭶敳牡档瑟牥㭭眊湩潤⹷灯湥猨慥捲彨牵⥬਻爊瑥牵慦獬੥੽⼼捳楲瑰ⴭਾ猼祴敬ਾ††愮䍤湥整䍲慬獳浻牡楧㩮‰畡潴੽⼼瑳汹㹥㰊楤⁶摩∽扴慟≤挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢ਊ搼癩椠㵤愢彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰∠ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ晩⠠祴数景氠捹獯慟⁤㴡‽產摮晥湩摥•☦∠敬摡牥潢牡≤椠祬潣彳摡
੻†潤畣敭瑮眮楲整氨捹獯慟孤氧慥敤扲慯摲崧㬩紊㰊猯牣灩㹴㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ晩⠠祴数景氠捹獯慟⁤㴡‽產摮晥湩摥•☦∠汳摩牥•湩氠捹獯慟⥤笠 搠捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛汳摩牥崧㬩紊㰊猯牣灩㹴㰠ⴡ‭摡敤⁤⼷㈲ⴠ㸭㰊楤⁶摩∽潆瑯牥摁•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤䐣䑆䍃㭆戠牯敤⵲潴㩰瀱⁸潳楬⁤㌣㌹㌹㬹挠敬牡戺瑯㭨搠獩汰祡渺湯㭥眠摩桴ㄺ〰℥浩潰瑲湡㭴瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※⵺湩敤㩸㤹㤹㤹椡灭牯慴瑮※敨杩瑨㤺瀰ⅸ浩潰瑲湡≴‾㰊楤⁶汣獡㵳愢䍤湥整䍲慬獳•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮眠摩桴㤺㘱硰∻ਾ搼癩椠㵤昢潯整䅲彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰㸢㰊晩慲敭椠㵤氢捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭•瑳汹㵥戢牯敤㩲㬰搠獩汰祡戺潬正※汦慯㩴敬瑦※敨杩瑨㤺瀶㭸漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※慰摤湩㩧㬰眠摩桴㜺〵硰㸢⼼晩慲敭ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊ